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HALL OF FAME PHOTO CREDITS

Berenice Abbott: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Arnold Newman

George Abbott: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

John Adams: Public domain

Konrad Adenauer: Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F003834-0010 / Unterberg, Rolf / CC-BY-SA

George Biddell Airy: Public domain

Alicia Alonso: GovernmentZA per Creative Commons license

Marian Anderson: Public domain

Norman Angell: Public domain

Sofonisba Anguissola: Public domain

Michelangelo Antonioni: National Library of France

Jean Arthur: Public domain

Gene Autry: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Charles Aznavour: Mariusz Kubik per Creative Commons license

Emily Greene Balch: Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress

Roger Nash Baldwin: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; this acquisition was made possible by generous contributions from Jeane W. Austin and the James Smithson Society

Balthus: Oliver Mark per Creative Commons license

George Bancroft: Public domain

Djuna Barnes: Public domain

Natalie Clifford Barney: Public domain

Clara Barton: Public domain

Bernard Baruch: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mendel L. Peterson

Sammy Baugh: Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress

Henry Beachell: International Rice Research Institute

Milton Berle: Public domain

Irving Berlin: Public domain

Yogi Berra: Googie Man per Creative Commons license

Chuck Berry: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Joop van Bilsen, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Hans Bethe: Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives

Harry Blackmun: Public domain

Antoinette Brown Blackwell: Public domain

Eubie Blake: Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Bobbiegita Walker

Ernst Bloch: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-27348-0008 / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Jules Bordet: Public domain

Victor Borge: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Norman Borlaugh: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquired through the generosity of Ronald and Judith Phillips, Jeanie Borlaug Laube, and William Borlaug

Nadia Boulanger: Public domain

Pierre Boulez: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Harry Pot, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Adrian Boult: Public domain

Louise Bourgeois: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Paulette and Kurt Olden in memory of Lily E. Kay

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

Ray Bradbury: Public domain

Ben Bradlee: John Mathew Smith & www.celebrity-photos.com per Creative Commons license

William Brennan: Public domain

Robert Bresson: The Film Reference Library Toronto per Creative Commons license

Romaine Brooks: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist

Dave Brubeck: Foto Ben van Meerendonk / AHF, collectie IISG, Amsterdam per Creative Commons license

Ferdinand Buisson: Public domain

George Burns: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

George Bush: AJ Guel per Creative Commons license

Sid Caesar: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Frank Capra: Public domain

Benny Carter: The William P. Gottlieb Collection at the Library of Congress

Elliott Carter: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of The Bern Schwartz Family Foundation. © 1978 The Bern Schwartz Family Foundation

Henri Cartier-Bresson: Rolph31000 per Creative Commons license

Barbara Cartland: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

Pablo Casals: Public domain

Oleg Cassini: Public domain

Fidel Castro: Suthir per Creative Commons license

Marc Chagall: Public domain

Carol Channing: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Gustave Charpentier: Public domain

Jules Chéret: Public domain

Michel Eugène Chevreul: Public domain

Julia Child: MDCarchives

Winston Churchill: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Bernard Mannes Baruch

Arthur C. Clarke: National Air and Space Museum Archives

Cassius Marcellus Clay: Public domain

Imogene Coca: Public domain

Claudette Colbert: Public domain

Sean Connery: Stuart Crawford per Creative Commons license

Alistair Cooke: Public domain

Aaron Copland: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh

Quentin Crisp: j-No per Creative Commons license

Walter Cronkite: Peabody Awards per Creative Commons license (Photographer: Anders Krusberg)

Fanny Crosby: Public domain

Imogen Cunningham: Imogen Cunningham, 1975 Jun. 9 / Louise Katzman Kurabi, photographer. Miscellaneous photographs collection. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Current copyright status is undetermined.

Merce Cunningham: Laban Library and Archive per Creative Commons license

Doris Day: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Michael DeBakey: Public domain

Giorgio de Chirico: Asch58 per Creative Commons license

Ruby Dee: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Olivia de Havilland: Public domain

Willem de Kooning: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Sonia Delaunay: Public domain

Deng Xiaoping: Public domain

Madeleine de Scudéry: Public domain

Éamon de Valera: National Photo Company Collection at the Library of Congress

Ninette de Valois: Public domain

John Dewey: Public domain

Marlene Dietrich: Public domain

Phyllis Diller: Allan warren per Creative Commons license

Stanley Donen: Adam Schartoff per Creative Commons license

Jimmy Doolittle: Public domain

Andrea Doria: Public domain

Kirk Douglas: Public domain

Marjory Stoneman Douglas: Friends of the Everglades

Katharine Drexel: Public domain

W. E. B. Du Bois: Public domain

Katherine Dunham: Public domain

Irene Dunne: Public domain

Will Durant: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, NYWT&S Collection [reproduction number LC-USZ62-116954]

Deanna Durbin: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Gertrude Ederle: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Gustave Eiffel: Public domain

Alfred Eisenstaedt: William E. Marks

Erik Erikson: Public domain

Erté: Permission granted by Terry Moyemont

Alice Evans: National Photo Company Collection at the Library of Congress

Arthur Evans: Wellcome Collection per Creative Commons license

Jean-Henri Fabre: Public domain

Bob Feller: Cherie Damron/Greyphotolady per Creative Commons license

Adam Ferguson: Public domain

Dario Fo: Edoardo Forneris per Creative Commons license

Joan Fontaine: Public domain

Pierre Fontaine: Public domain

Lynn Fontanne: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle: Public domain

Betty Ford: Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum

Gerald Ford: Public domain (David Hume Kennerly, photographer)

Glenn Ford: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Whitey Ford: This image was extracted from a baseball or football card produced by Bowman Gum. According to the United States Copyright Office, copyrights belonging to Bowman Gum were not renewed within the required period for filing. Thus, all baseball cards printed by Bowman before 1989 have lapsed into the public domain and are free for use.

E. M. Forster: Public domain

Viktor Frankl: Prof. Dr. Franz Vesely

Milton Friedman: The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice

Rudolf Friml: Public domain

Hans-Georg Gadamer: Leena Ruuskanen per Creative Commons license

John Kenneth Galbraith: Dutch National Archives, The Hague, Fotocollectie Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANeFo), 1945-1989

Abel Gance: Public domain

Greer Garson: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

John Gielgud: Carl Van Vechten Collection, Library of Congress

Lillian Gish: Public domain

Carlo Maria Giulini: Emes per Creative Commons license

Hubert de Givenchy: James de Givenchy per Creative Commons license

John Glenn: Public domain (NASA photograph)

Samuel Goldwyn: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Nadine Gordimer: Vogler per Creative Commons license

François-Joseph Gossec: Public domain

Billy Graham: U.S. News & World Report Collection at the Library of Congress

Martha Graham: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Robert Graves: Public domain

Alice Guy-Blaché: Public domain

Sarah Josepha Hale: Library of Congress

Alice Hamilton: Public domain

Edith Hamilton: Public domain

Lionel Hampton: Public domain

Knut Hamsun: DEXTRA Photo per Creative Commons license

Ray Harryhausen: Danie Ware/Danacea per Creative Commons license

Helen Hayes: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Francesco Hayez: Public domain

Hugh Hefner: Public domain

Dorothy Height: Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America ("No known copyright restrictions")

Katharine Hepburn: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Caroline Herschel: Public domain

Al Hirschfeld: Kingkongphoto & www.celebrity-photos.com per Creative Commons license

Thomas Hobbes: Public domain

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Public domain

Joseph Dalton Hooker: Wellcome Library, London per Creative Commons license

Herbert Hoover: Public domain

Bob Hope: Public domain

Lena Horne: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Julia Ward Howe: Public domain

Edmond Hoyle: Public domain

Anna Hyatt Huntington: Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lee Iacocca: Screenshot from C-SPAN video

William Henry Jackson: Public domain

Lady Bird Johnson: Public domain

Philip Johnson: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; this acquisition was made possible by a generous contribution from the James Smithson Society

Hank Jones: Rolf Kissling, who allows anyone to use the photo for any purpose provided he is properly attributed

Mother Jones: Public domain

Tamara Karsavina: Public domain

Yousuf Karsh: Public domain

Elia Kazan: Public domain

John Harvey Kellogg: Public domain

Frances Oldham Kelsey: National Library of Medicine, History of Medicine Collection

Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy: Public domain

André Kertész: Wolfgang H. Wögerer, Wien

Oskar Kokoschka: photo©ErlingMandelmann.ch per Creative Commons license

Willem Kolff: KNAW per Creative Commons license

Jake LaMotta: Public domain

Estée Lauder: No known copyright restriction known; staff photographer reproduction rights transferred to Library of Congress through Instrument of Gift

Christopher Lee: Manfred Werner - Tsui per Creative Commons license

Stan Lee: Abijithka per Creative Commons license

Eva Le Gallienne: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Leo XIII: Lodovicoruggieri

Doris Lessing: Elke Wetzig per Creative Commons license

Rita Levi-Montalcini: Jollyroger per Creative Commons license

Claude Lévi-Strauss: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Bert Verhoeff, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Jerry Lewis: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Beatrice Lillie: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Anne Morrow Lindbergh: Smithsonian Institution #80-438

Astrid Lindgren: Nordiska museet per Creative Commons license

Raymond Loewy: National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress

Alice Roosevelt Longworth: Public domain

Anita Loos: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Esther Pohl Lovejoy: "Esther Pohl Lovejoy, dressed for flying" (1918). OHSU Digital Collections. https://doi.org/10.6083/M43R0R81

Auguste Lumière: Public domain

Vera Lynn: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

Connie Mack: Public domain

Harold Macmillan: Public domain

Rouben Mamoulian: Public domain

Nelson Mandela: Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science

Mike Mansfield: Public domain

Neville Marriner: Public domain

W. Somerset Maugham: Public domain

Ernst Mayr: University of Konstanz per Creative Commons license

Barbara McClintock: Public domain

Gian Carlo Menotti: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mrs. Boris Chaliapin

Cléo de Mérode: Public domain

James Michener: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Czesław Miłosz: MDCarchives per Creative Commons license

Joan Miró: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Lucien Treillard

Ludwig von Mises: The Ludwig von Mises Institute per Creative Commons license

Jean Monnet: Institut National de l'Audiovisuel, France / Europeana

Helen Wills Moody: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution – NPG.93.349

Henry Morgenthau, Sr.: National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress

Grandma Moses: Public domain

Stirling Moss: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Joop van Bilsen, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Stan Musial: Missouri Historical Society per Creative Commons license

Scott Nearing: Bain Collection, Library of Congress

Pola Negri: George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress

LeRoy Neiman: LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Byron Nelson: Public domain

Asta Nielsen: The Royal Library: The National Library of Denmark and Copenhagen University Library per Creative Commons license

Florence Nightingale: Public domain

Hermann Oberth: National Air and Space Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Maureen O'Hara: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Georgia O'Keeffe: Public domain

Gordon Parks: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Rosa Parks: Public domain

Maxfield Parrish: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; bequest of Phyllis Fenner – NPG.82.189

Louella Parsons: The World Famous Comedy Store per Creative Commons license

Alice Paul: Public domain

Les Paul: Thomas Faivre-Duboz per Creative Commons license

Linus Pauling: Public domain

Norman Vincent Peale: Public domain

I. M. Pei: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh

Irving Penn: Jiří Poláček per Creative Commons license

Marius Petipa: Public domain

Pablo Picasso: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Lucien Treillard

Karl Popper: Lucinda Douglas-Menzies per Creative Commons license

Katherine Anne Porter: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of John Winslow and Mary Winslow Poole

William Powell: Österreichisches Theatermuseum / Europeana

Harold Prince: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Qi Baishi: Public domain

Willard Van Orman Quine: stampit by permission of Dr. Douglas Quine

Luise Rainer: Public domain

A. Philip Randolph: Public domain

Leopold von Ranke: Public domain

Jeannette Rankin: George Grantham Bain Collection at the Library of Congress

Ronald Reagan: Public domain

Carl Reiner: Public domain

Alain Resnais: PAN Photo Agency per Creative Commons license

Don Rickles: Gary Dunaier per Creative Commons license

Leni Riefenstahl: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2004-0022 / Burmeister, Oswald / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Hal Roach: Public domain

John D. Rockefeller: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Peter Mark Roget: Wellcome Library, London

Mickey Rooney: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Elihu Root: Public domain

Arthur Rubinstein: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Joost Evers, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Helena Rubinstein: Public domain

Bertrand Russell: Public domain

Frederick F. Russell: Public domain

Bernardino de Sahagún: Public domain

J. D. Salinger: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine

Colonel Harland Sanders: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh

Gene Sarazen: Amrabat

Nathalie Sarraute: Swedish Open Cultural Heritage | K-samsök per Creative Commons license

Max Schmeling: Public domain

Helmut Schmidt: Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F024640-0024 / Patzek, Renate / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Albert Schweitzer: Public domain

Pete Seeger: Anthony Pepitone per Creative Commons license

Andrés Segovia: Nationaal Archief, the Dutch National Archives, and Spaarnestad Photo

Irena Sendler: gdfl, the copyright holder of this photo, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed.

Ravi Shankar: PeterTea per Creative Commons license

Artie Shaw: Public domain

George Bernard Shaw: Public domain

George Shearing: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Hugo van Gelderen, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Don Shula: Public domain (DoD photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Chad J. McNeeley, U.S. Navy/Released)

Jean Sibelius: Public domain

Neil Simon: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Mimar Sinan: Ava Babili per Creative Commons license

Upton Sinclair: Bain Collection, Library of Congress

Margaret Chase Smith: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine

Mary Somerville: Wellcome Library, London / Europeana

Soong Mei-ling: Acc. 90-105 – Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives

Philippe Soupault: Public domain

Benjamin Spock: MDCarchives

Jean Stapleton: Public domain

Edward Steichen: Public domain

Leopold Stokowski: Österreichisches Theatermuseum / Europeana

Antonio Stradivari: Public domain

Thomas Sumter: Public domain

Albert Szent-Györgyi: National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Rufino Tamayo: Carl Van Vechten Collection, Library of Congress

Edward Teller: w:User:Greg L, Papa Lima Whiskey

John Tenniel: Public domain

Mary Church Terrell: Public domain

Clark Terry: Brianmcmillen per Creative Commons license

Thomas à Kempis: Public domain

Virgil Thomson: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Sybil Thorndike: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Strom Thurmond: Public domain

Charles Lewis Tiffany: Public domain

P. L. Travers: Public domain

Harriet Tubman: Public domain

Henry van de Velde: Public domain

Kees van Dongen: Public domain

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: Public domain

Agnès Varda: Festival Internacional de Cine en Guadalajara per Creative Commons license

Victor Vasarely: Public domain

Max von Sydow: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Andrzej Wajda: Ralf Lotys (Sicherlich) per Creative Commons license

Alfred Russel Wallace: Public domain

Mike Wallace: Public domain

Raoul Walsh: Public domain

Ernest Walton: Lawrence Berkeley National Lab; permission to use images granted if solely for non-commercial use

Izaak Walton: Public domain

Kitty Wells: Public domain

Eudora Welty: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Rebecca West: Madame Yévonde

Haskell Wexler: Steve Rhodes per Creative Commons license

Richard Widmark: Public domain

Simon Wiesenthal: National Archives of the Netherlands

Billy Wilder: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mr. and Mrs. Bob Willoughby

Laura Ingalls Wilder: Public domain

Nicholas Winton: Li-sung per Creative Commons license

P. G. Wodehouse: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

John Wooden: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Jason Hailey, photographer

Herman Wouk: Public domain

Fay Wray: Public domain

Christopher Wren: Public domain

Frank Lloyd Wright: Library of Congress

Andrew Wyeth: Andrew Wyeth, ca. 1950 / unidentified photographer. Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892-1953. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution

Franco Zeffirelli: Alexey Yushenkov per Creative Commons license

Adolph Zukor: Library of Congress

Vladimir Zworykin: Library of Congress

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