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HALL OF FAME PHOTO CREDITS

Berenice Abbott: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Arnold Newman

George Abbott: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

John Adams: Public domain

Konrad Adenauer: Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F003834-0010 / Unterberg, Rolf / CC-BY-SA

George Biddell Airy: Public domain

Alicia Alonso: GovernmentZA per Creative Commons license

Marian Anderson: Public domain

Norman Angell: Public domain

Sofonisba Anguissola: Public domain

Michelangelo Antonioni: National Library of France

Jean Arthur: Public domain

Gene Autry: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Charles Aznavour: Mariusz Kubik per Creative Commons license

Emily Greene Balch: Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress

Roger Nash Baldwin: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; this acquisition was made possible by generous contributions from Jeane W. Austin and the James Smithson Society

Balthus: Oliver Mark per Creative Commons license

George Bancroft: Public domain

Djuna Barnes: Public domain

Natalie Clifford Barney: Public domain

Clara Barton: Public domain

Bernard Baruch: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mendel L. Peterson

Sammy Baugh: Harris & Ewing Collection, Library of Congress

Henry Beachell: International Rice Research Institute

Milton Berle: Public domain

Irving Berlin: Public domain

Yogi Berra: Googie Man per Creative Commons license

Chuck Berry: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Joop van Bilsen, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Hans Bethe: Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives

Harry Blackmun: Public domain

Antoinette Brown Blackwell: Public domain

Eubie Blake: Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture, Gift of Bobbiegita Walker

Ernst Bloch: Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-27348-0008 / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Jules Bordet: Public domain

Victor Borge: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Norman Borlaugh: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; acquired through the generosity of Ronald and Judith Phillips, Jeanie Borlaug Laube, and William Borlaug

Nadia Boulanger: Public domain

Pierre Boulez: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Harry Pot, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Adrian Boult: Public domain

Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

Ray Bradbury: Public domain

Ben Bradlee: John Mathew Smith & www.celebrity-photos.com per Creative Commons license

William Brennan: Public domain

Robert Bresson: The Film Reference Library Toronto per Creative Commons license

Romaine Brooks: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of the artist

Dave Brubeck: Foto Ben van Meerendonk / AHF, collectie IISG, Amsterdam per Creative Commons license

Ferdinand Buisson: Public domain

George Burns: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

George Bush: AJ Guel per Creative Commons license

Sid Caesar: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Frank Capra: Public domain

Benny Carter: The William P. Gottlieb Collection at the Library of Congress

Elliott Carter: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of The Bern Schwartz Family Foundation. © 1978 The Bern Schwartz Family Foundation

Henri Cartier-Bresson: Rolph31000 per Creative Commons license

Barbara Cartland: Allan Warren per Creative Commons license

Pablo Casals: Public domain

Oleg Cassini: Public domain

Fidel Castro: Suthir per Creative Commons license

Marc Chagall: Public domain

Carol Channing: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Gustave Charpentier: Public domain

Jules Chéret: Public domain

Michel Eugène Chevreul: Public domain

Julia Child: MDCarchives

Winston Churchill: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Bernard Mannes Baruch

Arthur C. Clarke: National Air and Space Museum Archives

Cassius Marcellus Clay: Public domain

Imogene Coca: Public domain

Claudette Colbert: Public domain

Alistair Cooke: Public domain

Aaron Copland: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh

Quentin Crisp: j-No per Creative Commons license

Walter Cronkite: Peabody Awards per Creative Commons license (Photographer: Anders Krusberg)

Fanny Crosby: Public domain

Imogen Cunningham: Imogen Cunningham, 1975 Jun. 9 / Louise Katzman Kurabi, photographer. Miscellaneous photographs collection. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Current copyright status is undetermined.

Merce Cunningham: Laban Library and Archive per Creative Commons license

Doris Day: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Michael DeBakey: Public domain

Giorgio de Chirico: Asch58 per Creative Commons license

Ruby Dee: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Willem de Kooning: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Sonia Delaunay: Public domain

Deng Xiaoping: Public domain

Madeleine de Scudéry: Public domain

Éamon de Valera: National Photo Company Collection at the Library of Congress

Ninette de Valois: Public domain

John Dewey: Public domain

Marlene Dietrich: Public domain

Phyllis Diller: Allan warren per Creative Commons license

Stanley Donen: Adam Schartoff per Creative Commons license

Jimmy Doolittle: Public domain

Andrea Doria: Public domain

Kirk Douglas: Public domain

Marjory Stoneman Douglas: Friends of the Everglades

Katharine Drexel: Public domain

W. E. B. Du Bois: Public domain

Katherine Dunham: Public domain

Irene Dunne: Public domain

Will Durant: Library of Congress, Prints & Photographs Division, NYWT&S Collection [reproduction number LC-USZ62-116954]

Deanna Durbin: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Gertrude Ederle: Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

Gustave Eiffel: Public domain

Alfred Eisenstaedt: William E. Marks

Erik Erikson: Public domain

Erté: Permission granted by Terry Moyemont

Alice Evans: National Photo Company Collection at the Library of Congress

Arthur Evans: Wellcome Collection per Creative Commons license

Jean-Henri Fabre: Public domain

Bob Feller: Cherie Damron/Greyphotolady per Creative Commons license

Adam Ferguson: Public domain

Dario Fo: Edoardo Forneris per Creative Commons license

Joan Fontaine: Public domain

Pierre Fontaine: Public domain

Lynn Fontanne: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle: Public domain

Betty Ford: Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum

Gerald Ford: Public domain (David Hume Kennerly, photographer)

Glenn Ford: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

E. M. Forster: Public domain

Viktor Frankl: Prof. Dr. Franz Vesely

Milton Friedman: The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice

Rudolf Friml: Public domain

Hans-Georg Gadamer: Leena Ruuskanen per Creative Commons license

John Kenneth Galbraith: Dutch National Archives, The Hague, Fotocollectie Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANeFo), 1945-1989

Abel Gance: Public domain

Greer Garson: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

John Gielgud: Carl Van Vechten Collection, Library of Congress

Lillian Gish: Public domain

Carlo Maria Giulini: Emes per Creative Commons license

Hubert de Givenchy: James de Givenchy per Creative Commons license

John Glenn: Public domain (NASA photograph)

Samuel Goldwyn: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Nadine Gordimer: Vogler per Creative Commons license

François-Joseph Gossec: Public domain

Billy Graham: U.S. News & World Report Collection at the Library of Congress

Martha Graham: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Robert Graves: Public domain

Alice Guy-Blaché: Public domain

Sarah Josepha Hale: Library of Congress

Alice Hamilton: Public domain

Edith Hamilton: Public domain

Lionel Hampton: Public domain

Knut Hamsun: DEXTRA Photo per Creative Commons license

Ray Harryhausen: Danie Ware/Danacea per Creative Commons license

Helen Hayes: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Francesco Hayez: Public domain

Hugh Hefner: Public domain

Dorothy Height: Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America ("No known copyright restrictions")

Katharine Hepburn: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Caroline Herschel: Public domain

Al Hirschfeld: Kingkongphoto & www.celebrity-photos.com per Creative Commons license

Thomas Hobbes: Public domain

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.: Public domain

Joseph Dalton Hooker: Wellcome Library, London per Creative Commons license

Herbert Hoover: Public domain

Bob Hope: Public domain

Lena Horne: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Julia Ward Howe: Public domain

Edmond Hoyle: Public domain

Anna Hyatt Huntington: Archives and Special Collections, Smithsonian American Art Museum

Lee Iacocca: Screenshot from C-SPAN video

William Henry Jackson: Public domain

Lady Bird Johnson: Public domain

Philip Johnson: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; this acquisition was made possible by a generous contribution from the James Smithson Society

Hank Jones: Rolf Kissling, who allows anyone to use the photo for any purpose provided he is properly attributed

Mother Jones: Public domain

Tamara Karsavina: Public domain

Yousuf Karsh: Public domain

Elia Kazan: Public domain

Frances Oldham Kelsey: National Library of Medicine, History of Medicine Collection

Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy: Public domain

André Kertész: Wolfgang H. Wögerer, Wien

Oskar Kokoschka: photo©ErlingMandelmann.ch per Creative Commons license

Willem Kolff: KNAW per Creative Commons license

Jake LaMotta: Public domain

Estée Lauder: No known copyright restriction known; staff photographer reproduction rights transferred to Library of Congress through Instrument of Gift

Christopher Lee: Manfred Werner - Tsui per Creative Commons license

Stan Lee: Abijithka per Creative Commons license

Eva Le Gallienne: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Leo XIII: Lodovicoruggieri

Doris Lessing: Elke Wetzig per Creative Commons license

Rita Levi-Montalcini: Jollyroger per Creative Commons license

Claude Lévi-Strauss: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Bert Verhoeff, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Jerry Lewis: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Beatrice Lillie: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Anne Morrow Lindbergh: Smithsonian Institution #80-438

Astrid Lindgren: Nordiska museet per Creative Commons license

Raymond Loewy: National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress

Alice Roosevelt Longworth: Public domain

Anita Loos: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Esther Pohl Lovejoy: "Esther Pohl Lovejoy, dressed for flying" (1918). OHSU Digital Collections. https://doi.org/10.6083/M43R0R81

Auguste Lumière: Public domain

Vera Lynn: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Rob C. Croes, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Connie Mack: Public domain

Harold Macmillan: Public domain

Rouben Mamoulian: Public domain

Nelson Mandela: Library of the London School of Economics and Political Science

Mike Mansfield: Public domain

Neville Marriner: Public domain

W. Somerset Maugham: Public domain

Ernst Mayr: University of Konstanz per Creative Commons license

Barbara McClintock: Public domain

Gian Carlo Menotti: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mrs. Boris Chaliapin

Cléo de Mérode: Public domain

James Michener: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Czesław Miłosz: MDCarchives per Creative Commons license

Joan Miró: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Lucien Treillard

Ludwig von Mises: The Ludwig von Mises Institute per Creative Commons license

Jean Monnet: Institut National de l'Audiovisuel, France / Europeana

Helen Wills Moody: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution – NPG.93.349

Henry Morgenthau, Sr.: National Photo Company Collection, Library of Congress

Grandma Moses: Public domain

Stirling Moss: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Joop van Bilsen, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Stan Musial: Missouri Historical Society per Creative Commons license

Scott Nearing: Bain Collection, Library of Congress

Pola Negri: George Grantham Bain Collection, Library of Congress

LeRoy Neiman: LeRoy Neiman papers, 1938-2005. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution.

Byron Nelson: Public domain

Asta Nielsen: The Royal Library: The National Library of Denmark and Copenhagen University Library per Creative Commons license

Florence Nightingale: Public domain

Hermann Oberth: National Air and Space Museum Archives, Smithsonian Institution

Maureen O'Hara: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Georgia O'Keeffe: Public domain

Gordon Parks: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Rosa Parks: Public domain

Maxfield Parrish: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; bequest of Phyllis Fenner – NPG.82.189

Louella Parsons: The World Famous Comedy Store per Creative Commons license

Alice Paul: Public domain

Les Paul: Thomas Faivre-Duboz per Creative Commons license

Linus Pauling: Public domain

Norman Vincent Peale: Public domain

I. M. Pei: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh

Irving Penn: Jiří Poláček per Creative Commons license

Marius Petipa: Public domain

Pablo Picasso: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Gift of Lucien Treillard

Karl Popper: Lucinda Douglas-Menzies per Creative Commons license

Katherine Anne Porter: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of John Winslow and Mary Winslow Poole

William Powell: Österreichisches Theatermuseum / Europeana

Harold Prince: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Qi Baishi: Public domain

Willard Van Orman Quine: stampit by permission of Dr. Douglas Quine

Luise Rainer: Public domain

A. Philip Randolph: Public domain

Leopold von Ranke: Public domain

Jeannette Rankin: George Grantham Bain Collection at the Library of Congress

Ronald Reagan: Public domain

Carl Reiner: Public domain

Alain Resnais: PAN Photo Agency per Creative Commons license

Don Rickles: Gary Dunaier per Creative Commons license

Leni Riefenstahl: Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-2004-0022 / Burmeister, Oswald / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Hal Roach: Public domain

John D. Rockefeller: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Peter Mark Roget: Wellcome Library, London

Mickey Rooney: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Elihu Root: Public domain

Arthur Rubinstein: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Joost Evers, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Helena Rubinstein: Public domain

Bertrand Russell: Public domain

Frederick F. Russell: Public domain

Bernardino de Sahagún: Public domain

J. D. Salinger: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine

Colonel Harland Sanders: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Estrellita Karsh in memory of Yousuf Karsh

Gene Sarazen: Amrabat

Nathalie Sarraute: Swedish Open Cultural Heritage | K-samsök per Creative Commons license

Max Schmeling: Public domain

Helmut Schmidt: Bundesarchiv, B 145 Bild-F024640-0024 / Patzek, Renate / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Albert Schweitzer: Public domain

Pete Seeger: Anthony Pepitone per Creative Commons license

Andrés Segovia: Nationaal Archief, the Dutch National Archives, and Spaarnestad Photo

Irena Sendler: gdfl, the copyright holder of this photo, allows anyone to use it for any purpose, provided that the copyright holder is properly attributed.

Ravi Shankar: PeterTea per Creative Commons license

Artie Shaw: Public domain

George Bernard Shaw: Public domain

George Shearing: Nationaal Archief/Fotocollectie Anefo (Hugo van Gelderen, photographer) per Creative Commons license

Don Shula: Public domain (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Joseph M. Buliavac)

Jean Sibelius: Public domain

Neil Simon: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Mimar Sinan: Ava Babili per Creative Commons license

Upton Sinclair: Bain Collection, Library of Congress

Margaret Chase Smith: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Time magazine

Mary Somerville: Wellcome Library, London / Europeana

Soong Mei-ling: Acc. 90-105 – Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives

Philippe Soupault: Public domain

Benjamin Spock: MDCarchives

Jean Stapleton: Public domain

Edward Steichen: Public domain

Leopold Stokowski: Österreichisches Theatermuseum / Europeana

Antonio Stradivari: Public domain

Thomas Sumter: Public domain

Albert Szent-Györgyi: National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Rufino Tamayo: Carl Van Vechten Collection, Library of Congress

Edward Teller: w:User:Greg L, Papa Lima Whiskey

John Tenniel: Public domain

Mary Church Terrell: Public domain

Clark Terry: Brianmcmillen per Creative Commons license

Thomas à Kempis: Public domain

Virgil Thomson: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Sybil Thorndike: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Strom Thurmond: Public domain

Charles Lewis Tiffany: Public domain

P. L. Travers: Public domain

Harriet Tubman: Public domain

Henry van de Velde: Public domain

Kees van Dongen: Public domain

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek: Public domain

Agnès Varda: Festival Internacional de Cine en Guadalajara per Creative Commons license

Victor Vasarely: Public domain

Max von Sydow: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

Andrzej Wajda: Ralf Lotys (Sicherlich) per Creative Commons license

Alfred Russel Wallace: Public domain

Mike Wallace: Public domain

Raoul Walsh: Public domain

Ernest Walton: Lawrence Berkeley National Lab; permission to use images granted if solely for non-commercial use

Izaak Walton: Public domain

Kitty Wells: Public domain

Eudora Welty: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Rebecca West: Madame Yévonde

Haskell Wexler: Steve Rhodes per Creative Commons license

Richard Widmark: Public domain

Simon Wiesenthal: National Archives of the Netherlands

Billy Wilder: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; gift of Mr. and Mrs. Bob Willoughby

Laura Ingalls Wilder: Public domain

Nicholas Winton: Li-sung per Creative Commons license

P. G. Wodehouse: Courtesy of The New York Public Library

John Wooden: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; partial gift of Jason Hailey, photographer

Herman Wouk: Public domain

Fay Wray: Public domain

Christopher Wren: Public domain

Frank Lloyd Wright: Library of Congress

Andrew Wyeth: Andrew Wyeth, ca. 1950 / unidentified photographer. Macbeth Gallery records, 1838-1968, bulk 1892-1953. Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution

Franco Zeffirelli: Alexey Yushenkov per Creative Commons license

Adolph Zukor: Library of Congress

Vladimir Zworykin: Library of Congress

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